by Heather Hahn* and Vance Morton**
When it comes to issues facing The United Methodist Church today, same-sex marriage ranks far down the list according to . Nearly 4 in 10 United Methodists said the first or second most important issue facing the church is “creating disciples of Christ.”
The other most important issues, according to members, are youth involvement (27 percent); members’ spiritual growth (24 percent); decline in membership (19 percent); poverty (17 percent); children at risk (17 percent); and social injustice (16 percent).
Only 11 percent ranked sexual orientation and same-gender marriage as the first or second top issue facing the denomination. That puts the ongoing debates around human sexuality as eighth in importance to United Methodists, according to the poll.
The results come from a May 30-June 1 email survey of 509 U.S. United Methodist lay members by Corporate Research of Greensboro, N.C., and Research Now of Dallas. The poll screened out pastors, retired pastors and paid staff at any level of the denomination to focus on the views of lay members.
, Bishop Lowry said that the poll results are encouraging. “[The poll results] show a distinct focus by the laity on our official core mission as a church to make disciples of Jesus Christ for the transformation of the world,” stated Bishop Lowry. “It also reflects the importance of the local church as the primary place disciples of Jesus Christ are made. The crucial factors of both social and personal holiness (Wesleyan distinctives) can be clearly discerned in the polling data.”
The 509 sample size — representing a denomination with about 7.4 million U.S. members — is a typical of the kind seen in political and market research. For example, most market research of large populations uses samples of 400 or fewer that have a 5 percent margin of error, 95 percent certainty. Gallup often will survey 1,000 people to represent the U.S. population of about 318 million.
United Methodist Communications, of which United Methodist News Service is a part, commissioned the research. The sample was identified by an outside company, and it was vetted twice to be sure the people included United Methodist members. UMNS had no role in the survey, which has a 4.4 percent margin of error. The data are weighted according to United Methodists’ geographic distribution across the United States.
“This poll shows what really matters to the members of The United Methodist Church,” the Rev. Larry Hollon, top executive of United Methodist Communications, said . “It also clarifies that the people in the pews are more concerned about faithful living and changing lives for Christ than they are about some of the other issues that we hear so much about.”
But nearly 90 percent of respondents to the new poll said The United Methodist Church should not split over issues related to human sexuality.
Those considering a denominational split broke down this way:
- 7 percent agreed with the statement: "These issues (sexual orientation and same-gender marriage) are the most important issues facing the church. If the church does not change its position on these issues, it should split."
- 5 percent agreed with the statement: "Making changes to the church’s positions on these issues is indefensible and I would support a split if this happened."
Sixty-three percent said the issue of sexual orientation and same-gender marriage is “diverting the church from more important things.” At the same time, 74 percent said it is important to come to agreement on the issue at the next . The denomination’s legislative assembly will convene May 10-20, 2016, in Portland, Ore.
Seventy percent of respondents agreed with the statement: “The issue is hard, but God is bigger and unity of the church is stronger.”
"I think one of the key points in this research is that the people surveyed don't see the issue of human sexuality as the sole driver for the mission of the church," Hollon told United Methodist News Service. "It's one issue but not the sole driver that should determine whether we split or not. They are saying there are many important expressions of mission and ministry that also require attention. Foremost among these is making disciples of Jesus Christ for the transformation of the world."
*Heather is a multimedia news reporter for United Methodist News Service. .