by Heather Hahn* with Vance Morton**
The United Methodist Church in the United States suffered membership losses of close to the entirety of the Memphis and Alaska conferences combined in the past year. Between 2011 and 2012, our denomination has seen a reduction of at least 85,631 U.S. members. The U.S. church also saw, on average, at least 50,276 fewer people in worship each week.
Seven U.S. conferences increased in worship attendance, and eight gained members in 2012. In fact, at least one conference in each of the five U.S. jurisdictions experienced growth in either membership or worship attendance. Two — and — reported both membership and attendance growth.
When asked how his conference has been able to sustain a period of growth, Bishop Mike Lowry, who leads the Central Texas Conference, replied that there were many factors to consider and cautioned that churches cannot rely on any one “silver bullet” for growth.
“It’s multiple factors,” said Bishop Lowry, “not just two or three — but more like eight or 10, and they intersect and they intermix in a host of different ways.”
Among those factors is having churches located in areas with an overall population growth. Bishop Lowry feels it also helps if the conference already includes churches with a weekly worship attendance that exceeds 1,000 in worship each week.
Bishop Lowry and leaders of four other conferences that experienced growth recently shared their insights on increasing vitality in the U.S. church. All are quick to point out that conferences in general can do more to help reach new people. Their suggestions fit into four broad, interrelated categories: Developing new churches, transforming existing ones, sharing a vision and committing to evangelism.
Develop new churches
Leaders of growing conferences agree that establishing new Christian communities is critical to vitality in the present and growth in the future.
Decades ago, the Central Texas Conference created a full-time, cabinet-level position in new church development according to Bishop Lowry. “We are reaping the benefits of that work,” he said. “Most conferences have added that position, but many didn’t add it for another 20 years. We had a long lead on it and it makes a huge difference.”
His conference added 325 members last year, bringing the total to 166,857, while average worship attendance increased by 287 to a total of 46,894.
The plan’s “multipronged approach of establishing support around existing congregations in the region, meeting human needs and creating new faith communities is grounded in the very healthy roots of United Methodism,” Rev. Kroger said. “Our movement has always been strongest when we ‘go to where the people are.’”
Even as he stressed the importance of planting new churches, Bishop Lowry urged United Methodists not to neglect renewing existing ones. “It should not be either-or, but a both-and,” he said. “One way to think about this is to understand that every existing congregation was at some point a new church start that somebody helped do.”
, which encompasses the New York City area and Connecticut, has been taking that approach, said Bishop Martin D. McLee. The conference’s weekly church attendance was 34,512 in 2012, up 118 people since 2011. He credits that gain to the conference’s efforts to form new faith communities and bolster already-existing churches.
The Central Texas and New York conferences are among the 11 conferences participating in , the newest phase of the denomination’s . The conferences are working collaboratively with each other and the denomination’s Council of Bishops to double the number of highly vital congregations during the next four years.
“The emphasis on vitality statistics and metrics has been informative as we planned approaches to growth,” Bishop McLee said. “We have examined worship with a focus on relevancy, style and changing demographics. Accordingly, many congregations have modified approaches to worship that have resulted in a more ‘friendly’ approach to the worship experience.”
Cast a vision
For the last three to four years, the “has placed an exclamation point on the mission of making disciples of Jesus Christ for the transformation of the world,” said Rev. Kroger, the conference’s director of ministries. “Conference efforts have given priority to ministries designed expressly to equip the local church in reclaiming and living out that mission.”
The conference’s efforts have borne fruit. For the second consecutive year, the Dakotas reported increases in average weekly worship attendance. It gained nearly 370 people in 2012, achieving total average worship attendance of 20,511.
“Even where worship attendance has not increased, more churches are holding steady, or the rate of decline has slowed,” Bishop Kroger said. “In all cases, the importance of visionary clergy and lay leaders who are equipped and thoroughly committed to our mission cannot be overstated.”
He advises each conference to clarify its vision and align resources for its “specific geographical, cultural and demographic context.”
The posted an increase of more than 4,000 members in 2012, by far the largest numerical gain in the United States. Both Central Texas and North Georgia have reported membership increases for 39 consecutive years.
“The North Georgia Conference has a climate of expectation regarding membership growth in existing churches and creating new places for new people,” said Bishop B. Michael Watson. “We are actively engaged in lay and clergy training to meet these expectations.”
The Rev. Debby Fox, vice chair of the conference’s board of connectional ministries, said one of the primary ways the conference provides training is through its , an online catalogue of 150 workshops for clergy and laity.
The workshops, intended to increase congregational vitality, are categorized into four areas of ministry — discipleship, leadership development, missions and worship. They include topics as varied as “Getting the Most out of Teaching the Bible,” “Strengthening the Black Church” and “Homeless Ministries.”
“I believe that active engagement in learning throughout our lives is essential to growing disciples, engaging them in ministry as they are gifted and called, and encouraging them to live in faith every day,” Fox said.
Tell the good news
Evangelism is another key to growth mentioned by all those interviewed. Bishop Lowry said he thinks just about every U.S. conference needs to recover an evangelistic thrust and spirit — a drive not only to invite people to church but also to give them a reason to keep coming back. “We will recover our ability to do evangelism or we will die as a denomination.”
“There has to be an answer to the ‘why bother,’” he said. “If I’m merely coming to church for community, I can get that at the local civic group. If I’m coming to church merely to do a social service project, I can get that 100 other ways. You have to have some theological reason.”
Evangelism, he said, should involve the message of salvation, which he described as “the rule and reign of Christ in one’s life.”
Bishop Cynthia Fierro Harvey, who leads the , shared a related point. “I believe our churches experience growth when they are relevant to the communities around them,” she said.
“When we connect in significant ways, when we tell the gospel story, when we reach out and draw in, when we make a difference in the lives of people — it is then that we come face-to-face with the living God. It is then that we can transform not only their lives, but (also) ours, and the world.” The Louisiana Conference saw its worship attendance grow by 584 people to 30,596 in 2012.
Globally, The United Methodist Church has been growing. The General Council on Finance and Administration, the denomination’s finance agency, reported that in the five-year period ending in 2009, the denomination grew . GCFA plans to release updated official global figures in October.
*Heather is a multimedia news reporter for the United Methodist News Service.
**Vance is the director of Communications & IT for the Central Texas Conference.